In 2005, 15 European Meteorological Services out of the 19 EUMETNET members, are participating in the E-SURFMAR programme. The objective of this programme is to co-ordinate, optimise and progressively integrate the activities for surface observations over the sea within the EUCOS Operational framework.
The initial programme started on 1st April 2003. It has been initially defined with a duration of 4 years divided into two stages of two years each : design study during stage 1, then implementation during stage 2. Météo-France is responsible for this programme.
E-SURFMAR includes Voluntary Observing Ships (VOS) operated by participating members as well as data buoys which have been co-ordinated by the European Group on Ocean Stations (EGOS) for many years. Each of the components is fitted with a Technical Advisory Group who helps the Programme Manager to conduct the programme.
One of the main objective of EUCOS is to optimise the ground observing system to improve short range forecast over Europe. In this context, a suitable network of surface marine observations has been proposed by E-SURFMAR to meet WMO requirements of surface marine data for regional Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) as complement of the data provided by satellite remote sensing. The proposition includes an increase of the density of air pressure measurements carried out in the north of 30°N in the North Atlantic and in the Mediterranean Sea, as well as the use of a few moored buoys for the calibration and the validation of wind and wave satellite data.
Information is available onto the main E-SURFMAR Website (under construction).