Automated Weather Stations

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Present use of AWS systems within EUMETNET members

Country Number
of units
Type of AWS Communication Manual entry
for 2008-2009
EUCOS 5 Batos Inmarsat-C
Data Reporting
Yes 7 more Batos stations funded by the E-SURFMAR program in 2006-2007 and
13 more Baros stations should be installed in 2008-2009.
2 Baros Iridium SBD No
Denmark 0 Batos Inmarsat-C
Data Reporting
Yes DMI ensures the installation and the maintainance of the EUCOS funded Batos
stations installed aboard Arctic Line ships plying between Denmark and Greenland.
France 12 Batos Inmarsat-C text Yes Migration from Inmarsat-C text to Data Reporting is continuing.
36 Batos Inmarsat-C
Data Reporting
3 Mini-Batos Inmarsat-C text No
1 Baros Iridium SBD No
8 Minos Argos No
Germany 16 Vaisala Milos-500 Meteosat Yes Two new Ships (equippped with Milos) will be installed in 2009, one other will be deinstalled.
2 Ship's datalogger Inmarsat C / Broadband Yes
Ireland 1 Vaisala Milos Meteosat No  
Norway 5 QLC-50 VSAT ??  
Spain 1 Vaisala Milos Inmarsat-C text Yes  
United Kingdom 1 CMR Automet Inmarsat-C text No 4 more Minos - including one Wind-Minos -, and
1 Batos to be installed in 2008.
6 Minos Argos No
1 Batos Inmarsat-C Yes
1 Avos Inmarsat-C Yes

The table here above was updated further the VOS-TAG-5 meeting in De Bilt (April 2008).


Notice :

  • Some parts of the text here below have to be agreed by the VOS-TAG before diffusion

Among a few other systems, E-SURFMAR recommends the use of the BATOS system developped by Meteo-France. This use is subject to an agreement (MoU) which has to be signed between Meteo-France and each E-SURFMAR participant who will install such a system on a ship. One must consider two cases : the installation of BATOS systems funded by E-SURFMAR and the purchase of BATOS systems by the participants themselves.

1. BATOS systems funded by E-SURFMAR

Systems funded by E-SURFMAR must be installed on ships which meet E-SURFMAR requirements - i.e. providing observations in sparse areas, in the North Atlantic and in the Mediterranean Sea. Installation and communication costs will be borne by participants while the E-SURFMAR budget is limited. Communication costs will be compensated as for other reports transmitted through Inmarsat-C. These systems will benefit of all the future software improvements when available. More especially, they will use the binary compression allowing to reduce the communication costs as soon as the software is available.

In 2005, E-SURFMAR funded 3 BATOS systems. By the end of the year, these systems were delivered to:

  • DMI to equip Mary Arctica (OXGN2).
  • UKMO to equip...
  • Met Eireann and the Irish Marine Institute to equip RV Celtic Explorer.

All these stations report through the code 41 procedure.

Status on 1st February 2006 :

  • DMI equiped Mary Arctica but some problems are remaining;
  • the binary compression through Inmarsat-C should be operational on two BATOS systems owned by Meteo-France by mid-February. It will be extended to all E-SURFMAR BATOS stations as soon as possible.

Five more BATOS systems will be funded by E-SURFMAR in 2006.

In case the manuals are judged not sufficiant to install a system aboard a ship, Meteo-France could organize a training session.

2. BATOS systems purchased by E-SURFMAR participants

E-SURFMAR participants may purchase their own BATOS systems. The MoU to be signed between the participant and Meteo-France should be applicable if the participant orders and purchases the components (sensors, transmitter...) to the various manufacturers himself. In that case, the BATOS systems can be used freely, even if they do not strictly meet the E-SURFMAR requirements (coastal ships, round-the-world ships...).

In case the participant does not wish to purchase the components separately, Meteo-France is studying the possibility to provide a complete system through its commercial subsidiary company, Meteo-France International.

As for systems funded by E-SURFMAR, systems purchased by participants will benefit of the future software improvements (binary compression to reduce communication costs most especially). Observations and communication costs will be compensated according to the E-SURFMAR decisions.